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18 March Canakkale Victory - GALLIPOLI



March 18 is an important date in Turkish history, known as “Çanakkale Victory Day” or“Çanakkale Zaferi” in Turkish. The day commemorates the victory of the Ottoman Empire against the Allied Powers during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. This historic event has great significance for the Turkish people as it symbolizes the strength, determination and courage of the Turkish soldiers who fought to protect their homeland.


The Gallipoli campaign was a major event in World War I as it aimed to secure the Dardanelles Strait and gain access to the Black Sea, which would have provided a direct route to Russia. The campaign was launched in February 1915 by the Allied powers including Great Britain, France and Russia with the aim of landing troops on the Gallipoli peninsula and capturing Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.


Turkish forces, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk successfully defended the peninsula against Allied attacks and, after months of heavy fighting, the campaign ended in January 1916 with the withdrawal of Allied troops. The Turkish victory at Gallipoli prevented the Allies from achieving their goals and ultimately played a significant role in the outcome of World War I.


The significance of March 18 for the Turks goes beyond military victory itself. The battle of Gallipoli represented a moment of national unity for the Turkish people, divided on ethnic and religious grounds. The soldiers who fought in the campaign came from all parts of the Ottoman Empire and came together to defend their country against a common enemy. The soldiers’ courage and sacrifice inspired a sense of unity and national pride, which would later become a crucial factor in the Turkish War of Independence and the founding of the Republic of Turkey.


The legacy of the Gallipoli Campaign and the March 18 victory is still celebrated in Turkey today, with ceremonies and parades honoring the soldiers who fought and died for their country. The Turkish government recognizes the day as a national holiday, and schools and government offices are closed to mark the occasion.


The significance of March 18 also extends beyond the borders of Turkey. The Gallipoli campaign and the events of 18 March are recognized as a significant moment in world history, demonstrating the power of determination and the ability of a united people to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds. The campaign also served as a reminder of the devastating impact of war and the importance of peace.

In conclusion, the significance of March 18 for Turks lies in its representation of national unity, pride and sacrifice. The Gallipoli victory was not only a military success, but also a moment that brought together a diverse group of people to fight for a common cause. The legacy of the campaign and the events of 18 March continue to inspire the Turkish people and serve as a reminder of the importance of unity and the devastating consequences of war.



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